Fiduciaries Topping Out?
401(k) Distribution: The Decade Just Ended – Second in a Series
With the Department of Labor’s proposed fiduciary rule still under consideration, it’s informative to step back to see how 401(k) advisors themselves describe their responsibilities. Last year, two-thirds said they think of themselves as a fiduciary on the plans they sell.
Conveniently, if perhaps coincidentally, that’s almost exactly the proportion of their plans they told us were covered by a 3(21) fiduciary agreement in 2013 (68%). As a sidebar, 63% of those agreements were held with the advisor directly, 37% were provided through a third party. Sidebar 2: only about a quarter of advisors’ plans not covered by a 3(21) agreement were covered by a 3(38) agreement in 2013.
The trend through the decade shows steady if decelerating growth in the proportion of advisors considering themselves a fiduciary, from 45% in 2005 to 68% in 2013. Then, last year, the figure dipped slightly.
Looking back, Heavy advisors (those deriving 60% of more of their income from 401(k)), were first to the table; in the six years to 2011the share of Heavies describing themselves as a fiduciary exploded by nearly 30 points to 84%.
But then, oddly enough, it began drifting down, settling at 77% last year. Meanwhile, the proportion of Light and Medium advisors who think of themselves as fiduciaries continued to advance until 2013, whereupon they too headed slightly south in our most recent measurement.
Whether advisors are being more cautious about how they define a fiduciary role or whether fewer actually see themselves in this capacity with fiduciary responsibility under a microscope is hard to say. All we know from this casual, self-reported metric is that fiduciaries may have topped out, at least for now.
About the Research
Our first Retirement Services Intermediaries study launched in 2000; these findings are based on selected waves carried out between 2005 and 2015. RSI studies are conducted by telephone, typically among a representative cross-section of 600 or more advisors deriving income from 401(k) plans. RSI 10 is scheduled for delivery in the spring of 2016.